What You Need to Know About Uterine Fibroids

by Tamara Hanson on February 26, 2017

What are Uterine fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are benign growths found in a woman’s pelvis. The size of the fibroids can vary ranging from pea-sized to 6 inches wide. Fibroids have also been known to grow large enough to fill the pelvis or abdomen.

Where are they found in the pelvis?

Uterine fibroids are found in the uterus, the outer surface of the uterus, the uterine wall, or attached to the uterine wall by a stem-like structure.

What are the symptoms of Uterine fibroids?

There are numerous symptoms a woman can experience when uterine fibroids are present, including:

  • Menstruation that may be more frequent, heavier, and longer than normal.
  • Cramping, non-menstrual vaginal bleeding, and anemia due to blood loss may also be present.
  • Pain in the abdomen or lower back area.
  • Pain during sex.
  • Feeling pressure when urinating.
  • Constipation and stomach cramps.
  • The abdomen and uterus may appear enlarged or distended.
  • Miscarriages and infertility.

How are uterine fibroids diagnosed?

There are numerous ways uterine fibroids can be diagnosed by your doctor:

  • Ultrasonography
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Hysterosalpingography
  • Sonohysterography
  • Laparoscopy

How can uterine fibroids be treated? 

  • Medication such as birth control pills, gonandotropin-releasing hormone agonists, or progestin-releasing intrauterine device.
  • Myomectomy, which is the removal of fibroids through surgery by using laparotomy, laparoscopy, and hysteroscopy methods.

If you think you may have uterine fibroids, or have had a history of them and think that you may have them again, always see your doctor so he or she can make an accurate diagnosis and the correct treatment can be implemented.

 

 

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