Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

by Tamara Hanson on July 24, 2017

Affecting women of reproductive age, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome,or PCOS, is an endocrine system disorder that can affect women not only physically but emotionally.

Symptoms:

The symptoms of PCOS range from irregular periods to polycystic ovaries or enlarged ovaries, to increased androgen (male hormones) that can result in increased facial hair or acne.

Causes:

The causes of PCOS isn’t definitive as it’s not quite certain how PCOS occurs. However, the following factors could play a role in getting PCOS:

  • Hereditary
  • Low-grade inflammation
  • Excessive insulin

PCOS can cause greater health conditions including, but not limited to, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, depression, anxiety, endometrial cancer, abnormal uterine bleeding, infertility, and sleep apnea.

Diagnosis:

Your doctor will determine if you have PCOS by doing a physical exam, including a pelvic exam; blood tests will be completed to measure hormones, and an ultrasound is completed to determine the thickness of the uterine lining and the condition of the ovaries.

Treatment:

The only treatment available for PCOS is by managing the symptoms. This includes prescription medication to help to make your periods more regular. Your physician can help you with what options are available.

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